About Craiova and Romania

 

 

About Romania

Population: 19,638,000

Location: Romania is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe, bordering Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea to the southeast, Ukraine to the east and to the north, and the Republic of Moldova to the east. Romania is the 12thlargest country in Europe and the 2nd in the region, after Poland.

Capital: Bucharest - the capital city of Romania – is located at the same latitude as the cities of Portland – Oregon, Montreal – Canada, Venice - Italy and Bordeaux - France. Known for its wide, tree-lined avenues, glorious Belle Époque buildings and a highlife style (which in the 1900's earned it the label of "Little Paris"), Bucharest, Romania's largest city and capital, is today a bustling metropolis. The ParliamentPalace is the world's second largest building after the U.S. Pentagon, with an area of 3.76 million square feet.

Geography: Romania’s territory features splendid mountains, beautiful rolling hills, fertile plains and numerous rivers and lakes. The Carpathians cross the centre of the country, bordered on both sides by foot hills and finally the great plains of the outer edge. Forests cover over one quarter of the country and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe, including bears, deer, lynx, chamois and wolves. The DanubeRiver ends its eight-country journey at the Black Sea, after forming one of the largest and most bio-diverse wetlands in the world, the Danube Delta.

Climate: Romania has a temperate climate, with four distinct seasons and significant regional differences of climate.

Further information available on wikipedia: link

 

About Craiova

Population: Craiova is the 6th largest city in Romania, with a population of approx. 300,000.

Location: Craiova, one of the largest and most important cities in south-western Romania, is situated on the left bank of the JiuRiver, in the center of the Oltenia region, 227 km away from Bucharest and 68 km from the Danube. As capital of the historical province of Oltenia, Craiova is a time-honoured, commercial and cultural center. It is a longstanding political center, and is located at fairly equal distances from the Southern Carpathians (to the north) and the Danube (to the south). Craiova is the main commercial city west of  Bucharest and the most important city of Oltenia.

Geography: The landscape of Craiova is represented by flat plains and the maximum altitude is somewhere around 116 metres. Hills are to bin the northern part and the Danube Valley in the southern area.

Climate: Romania has a temperate climate, very similar to therest of the countries situated in the continental zone. Situated in the southern part of Romania, Craiova has a very pleasant, sub-editerranean climate.Winters are sometimes cold (-10 °C to +5 °C); in winter time you can rent skates and enjoy the ice rink in the city center. In spring and autumn the warm and sunny weather is ideal for outdoor activities. Summers tend to be quite hot (25 °C to 35°C), but you can have a good time as there are plenty of swimming pools and outdoor bars serving cold drinks and ice-cream.

Sports and entertainment: Craiova allows for a wide range of leisure activities as you can discover during your stay here. Generally, the inhabitants enjoy both their work time and their free time: the parks, the entertainment areas, the outdoor bars and restaurants and the old city center are crowded with people of all ages making the city alive.

The most popular activities are:

  • fitness, aerobics, body building – in centers across the city, with state-of-the-art facilities;
  • sports grounds – you can play tennis, football, basketball outdoors and indoors alike – at night the sports grounds are illuminated;
  • jogging, roller-skating, biking or simply walking in the city parks or in the walking area in the center of the town;
  • swimming in different swimming pools across the city during summer time and skating on the skating rink in the city main square in winter time;

 

Old Town


Please take a look at the official page: here.

 

Statues, Architectural Monuments and Museums

The city of Craiova harmoniously combines the new and the ancient, history, culture, industry, economy and agriculture, and has become a representative landmark, especially in the last 20 years following the revolution of 1989, when the process of modernization started bringing about changes in all domains of society.

In the late 17th century and the early 18th century, Craiova’s architecture underwent a change with the emergence of the Brâncoveneşti style, acombination of Romanian traditional art, Byzantine and Venetian elements.

Churches still displaying elements of the Brâncoveneşti style include: Biserica Sfântu Ilie (Saint Ilie Church), built in 1720 by Ilie Otetele?eanu and the rich tradesmen in town, Biserica Tuturor

Sfinţilor (All Saints Church) (1700), Biserica Sfântu Gheorghe Vechi (Old Saint Gheorghe Church) (1730), Manastirea Obedeanu (The Obedeanu Monastery) (1747), Biserica Mântuleasa (The MântuleasaChurch) (1786), Biserica Sfântul Nicolae (The Saint Nicholas Church) (1794).

 

City highlights

An important touristic attraction of our city is the Musical Fountain located in the center of Craiova. Our city also takes pride in its rich historical heritage that includes anumber of statues representing important personalities whose heroic deeds marked the history of Craiova and of the country: the statues of Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, A.I. Cuza, King Carol I, Prince Barbu Stirbei; architectural monuments such as: The Administrative Palace, The City Hall of Craiova, The County Library,“Marin Sorescu” National Theatre, The University, the County Justice Court, The Vorvoreanu Palace or museums: The Art Museum and Museum of Oltenia and churches: The Madonna Dudu Church, St. Dumitru Cathedral etc.

 

Mihai Viteazul Square & The Musical Fountain

An entire ensemble of fountains, lined with garden beds and ornamental plants, there stored small park and the relocation of the statue of Mihai Viteazu to a monumental ensemble are just a few examples. The musical fountain stands out though, being a unique piece of architecture in the country, attracting about 2,000 visitors from Craiova and neighboring towns every night.

 

Religious and cultural heritage

The city hosts a large number of religious buildings, many of them dating back to medieval times.

The Coşuna Monastery, for instance, is the oldest building preserved in Craiova, dating back to the 15th century.You can spend a most relaxing afternoon visiting the monastery, located only 2.1 miles away from the city center. Another religious site, The Madona Dudu Church, is well-known for its mural paintings, the work of the famous Romanian painter Gheorghe Tattarescu (1818 – 1894).

The Metropolitan Bishopric of Oltenia -The first MetropolitanChurch in the region of Oltenia was built in 1370, at the time, being named The Metropolitan Church of Severin, founded during the reign of Voivode Vladislav I (1364 - 1377). The Metropolitan Bishopric of Oltenia, the canonical and administrative unit of the Romanian Orthodox Church was founded in 1939.

 

The County Library

Craiova can offer an impressive county library bequeathed to the city by Alexandru Aman, magistrate (the older brother of the famous Romanian painter Theodor Aman), and from his wife, Aristia Aman. The cultural legacy of the library has been progressively enhanced through aquisitions and donations occasioned by numerous collaborations with a series of cultural and scientific institutions or with various literature-loving people. Anybody in possession of an individual permit can borrow books and has access to the reading room and to the audio-video hall. For further informationon the library and the social, cultural and educational activities it organises you can visit the following webpage: www.aman.ro.

 

The Museum of Oltenia

44 Madona Dudu Street (History and Archaeology Section);

14 Matei Basarab Street (Ethnographic Section);

4 Popa Sapca Street (Natural Sciences Section)

Telephone: (251) 411.906

Website: www.muzeulolteniei.ro

 

For those interested in further discovering the history and the traditions of this region, we recommend a visit to the Oltenia Museum, housed in three different locations, including Baniei House (1699), the oldest non-religious building in Craiova and one of the oldest lay buildings in the country.

At the Ethnographic Section you can learn almost everything about the history of the region, starting with the prehistoric times. Great care has been taken in presenting, in full detail, the traditional trades and occupations of the peasants in Oltenia, ranging from hunting, fishing to cattle raising, tilling the fields, harvesting the crops, thus, emphasizing the timeless existence of the inhabitants. The museum exhibits wooden carvings and ceramics, a large collection of jars, bowls of all kinds, plates, carpets in the oltenian style as well as fascinating folk costumes from the same region.

The Museum hosts other two sections dedicated to History and Archaeology and Natural Sciences alongside a Laboratory of Restoration.

 

The Art Museum

Address: 15 Calea Unirii Street (located in the Dinu Mihail Palace)

Telephone: (251) 412.342

Website: www.muzeuldeartacraiova.ro

 

Art lovers should definitely not miss the Art Museum in Craiova, hosted in the sumptuous neo-baroque Dinu Mihail Palacebuilt in the early 1900s by the French architect Paul Gotereau. The Museum exhibits valuable masterpieces belonging to famousRomanian painters, among which painters including the Craiova-born Theodor Aman (1831- 1891), Nicolae Grigorescu (1838- 1907), Vasile Popescu, Stefan Luchian and Theodor Pallady, and Romanian religious icons.

One of its main attractions is represented by the section dedicated to Constantin Brâncuşi, displaying six of his early sculptures, including copies of his best-known works: The Kiss (1907), Vitellius (1898), WomanTorso (1909), The Vainglory (1905), Boy's Head (1906), Miss Pogany

(1902). Moreover, Brancusi’s ‘studio’ has been recreated in the museum.

 

The Marin Sorescu National Theatre 

It occupies a special place in the history of the Romanian theatre. Founded in 1850, it has never ceased to function, in spite of all the turmoil which characterizes the history of our nation. During the first decades of its existence, and according to the taste of the age, mostly musical shows and vaudevilles were staged. In the years after 1900, there was a stress on dramatic performances, of the universal classics, particularly Shakespeare and Molière, but also of national drama. The National Theatre of Craiova was the first theatre in south-eastern Europe to become a member of the European Theatre Convention. Every two years, in May, the Marin Sorescu National Theatre in Craiova organises The Shakespeare International Drama Festival.

 

The Philharmonic Orchestra of Craiova 

Philharmonic orchestra fans can enjoy performances of The Philharmonic Orchestra of Craiova and of The "Elena Teodorini" Opera and Ballet House.

 

Parks

For those interested in enjoying a relaxing afternoon outdoors, the Nicolae Romanescu Park is a veritable green oasis. The park is one of the jewels of landscape architecture in Romania. The plans for the park, designed by French architect Emile Rendont, were awarded the gold medal at the 1900 World Fair. Through the initiative of Nicolae P. Romanescu, then mayor of Craiova, work on the park began in 1901 and was completed in 1903. The total surface area of the park amounts to more than 96 acres of plantations (shrubberies, grassy areas and lawns, trees and woodlands), 4 acres of lakes and water features, 20 acres of hippodrome and a velodrome. A Zoo is located in the park.

The Youth Park is the most recent and modern park in Craiova, opened in 2009, after a process of rehabilitation of a chestnut tree forest covering an area of about 220 acres. The YouthPark address: Ştirbei Voda Boulevard, Craiova.

The park has become an important space of outdoor recreation destined for various sports activities and including playground areas, fountains and high quality sports grounds (4 green-setcourts, 4 artificial grass mini-football fields, basketball and volleyball multifunctional courts, 2 artificial turf basketball courts, 10 concrete tennis tables, 10 chess tables, one rollerskate and skateboard track for beginners and experienced skaters, one outdoor performance stage with seating for 200 audience members, minigolf courses, 18 concrete tracks for obstacle racing, 12 km of paved alleys).

The English Park is the ideal place to spend a few hours. It is located in the center of Craiova, next to the City Hall. Although laid out on a small area, it is a wonderful piece of landscape architecture.

For those wanting to experience nature in a more scientific way, a stop at the Botanical Garden would be the best choice. The Botanical Garden is the fourth largest university botanical garden in the country and was designed by the French landscape architect E. Redont on an area of about 17 acres in 1952.

Three lakes of about 0.3 acres are seen across the garden, where the flora gives a naturalistic shaping. The Botanical Garden also houses a Herbarium of about 400,000 pages of preserved plants, and as mall-scaleMuseum.

 

Local holidays

Craiova’s Days

An annual event that takes place at the end of October (October 26) when the orthodox Saint Dumitru - the patron saint of the city – is celebrated. It lasts several days and includes artistic, cultural and sports activities. It also includes the Craftsmen’s Fair where people can admire and buy handicraft articles and souvenirs from the Oltenia region as well as traditional and ecological foods produced by local entrepreneurs.